- First there was the word
The text consists of sentences, and sentences – of words. Start with the simplest thing – brainstorm vocabulary – jot down a list of words that you associate with this topic. Surely in your head there will be words that you do not know in English, translate them.
For example, if you have to write about the protection of endangered animals, then without such concepts as “rare animals” and “endangered species” you can not do.
- Google it!
Read on the Internet texts on a given topic, “google” the information. Before you write, you need at least a little to get acquainted with the topic and reflect on it.
- Have a plan?
Think about how the ideas in your text will be organized. Will you talk about events in chronological order or present a step-by-step solution to a problem? Compare or contrast the two phenomena? Talk about one thing and the reasons for it?
The plan when writing a text is needed the same way as when building a house.
- Fill the text
Now work on each paragraph separately. Remember the rule: one paragraph – one main thought.
It so happens that the thoughts do not go to the head: what to write in all these paragraphs, how to develop the topic?
First, express your thought, then paraphrase it to make it understandable and accessible to everyone. ( “In other words …” ).
Give examples, without which the text is boring. People often skip theory, and read only facts, real stories, examples – that is vital. ( “For example …” ).
Finally, fill your text with metaphors, analogies, images. ( “To illustrate this …” ).
Do not forget that in a well-written text there is a good old introduction and conclusion. Researchers have noticed that most often people read the first and last sentences in the text. Make sure they are memorable!
- Suggestions, unite!
The time has come to assemble paragraphs and sentences into a coherent, logical and easy to read text. All elements of the text should be interconnected, and not exist separately. In English, this is called cohesion, which is provided by unions, connecting words, etc.
- A bit of gloss
We have already spoken about the importance of metaphors and analogies that help make the text more interesting and easy to read. To make the text more alive will also help quotes and statements of other authors to which you refer.